Good opportunities for development of cooperation between the European Parliament and Azerbaijan
Norveç Qaçqınlar Şurasının Daxili Köçürülmə üzrə Monitorinq Mərkəzinin əməkdaşları Dövlətqaçqınkomda olmuşdur.
Bərdə rayonunda məcburi köçkünlər üçün salınan yaşayış məhəlləsində tikinti işlərinin gedişi ilə bağlı müşavirə keçirmişdir
Representatives of the European Parliament highly appreciated the conditions provided for IDP
Qaçqınların və Məcburi Köçkünlərin İşləri üzrə Dövlət Komitəsində kollegiya iclası keçirilmişdir.
Decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan on additional measures for improving the living conditions of IDP families
Order of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan on measures related to the construction of a new building for Khankendi secondary school No. 4 named after Nizami Ganjavi
On making changes to “Regulations on State Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan on Deals of Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons” approved by the Decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan No. 187, dated February 1, 2005
A RESULT OF ARMENIAN MILITARY AGGRESSION
...our supreme duty, the purpose to restore the captured lands, to return integrity of territory of Azerbaijan and to return the wandered citizens to the native lands.
"Nagorno Karabakh is the historical and indigenous land of Azerbaijan. Throughout the centuries, Azerbaijani people lived here and gave birth to its creatures. Territorial integrity of Azerbaijan is recognized by international community. Azerbaijan’s territorial integrity should be restored".
President of the Republic of Azerbaijan
16 September 2010
Karabakh... The ancient Azerbaijani land. This is the cradle of national culture which gave to our country a whole brilliance of Azerbaijani music and literature along with the pool of many intellectuals in the life of nation forming dozens of renowned genius thinkers, scholars, doctors, teachers by ending up to turn out into a live museum of centuries long history of the formation of Azerbaijani nation and its statehood. It lasts already twenty plus years that the term of Karabakh has appeared in world media and slowly established a firm grip on various agenda of political and humanitarian organizations. It is the Karabakh conflict instigated by Armenia in 1988 that is still unsolved. There are hundred thousands of ordinary people suffering more from this conflict; so does the previously flourishing land which has become a dull landscape in the aftermath of occupation…
Karabakh is one of the prehistoric cradles of human civilization. Discovered by Azerbaijani archeologists, the Azykh Cave which dates back to the epoch of early Paleolith proves that this territory has had settlements since prehistoric times. The Bronze Period is represented here by many discoveries related to the Khojaly-Kedabek Archaeological Culture.
Starting from the antique period and during all stages of its development, the history of Karabakh was closely linked to the history of Azerbaijani statehood. During the antique period and the early Middle Ages, Karabakh had been one of the most important provinces of an Azerbaijani state called – The Caucasian Albania. In later times, the territory of Karabakh had been subsequently the part of various feudal states which existed within the boundaries of historical Azerbaijan.
Karabakh Khanate formed in mid XVIII century and existed till early XIX century had been one of the largest Azerbaijani khanates. Following the conquest of Azerbaijan and its inclusion into the Russian Empire, and later the USSR, Karabakh continued to be one of the political and cultural centers of Azerbaijani people.
Following the inclusion into the Russian Empire, the ethnic structure of the region started to alter while Azerbaijani and some Georgian lands became the focus of territorial claims of Armenians. The wheels of their centuries’ long strategic plan began to roll aimed at the creation of “the Great Armenia”. Starting from XIX century, the target of predatory ambitions of Armenians was Karabakh where they have been settled en masses by the Russian Empire from Turkey and Iran. Indeed, as a result of this policy, the number of Armenians started to augment drastically in ancient lands of Azerbaijan. Their territorial claims planted the seeds of conflict violating interethnic coherence, and the territorial integrity of the country which led to the current military and political tensions in the region.
The massacre organized by Armenians in 1905-1906 and 1918-1919 against Azerbaijani people stemmed from territorial claims, aspirations to exterminate Azerbaijani population and quest for occupation of the historical Azerbaijani lands. During the existence of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (from 1918 till 1920), Armenians unveiled their territorial ambitions for many ancient Azerbaijani lands, including the territory of Karabakh.
During the Soviet rule, Armenians attempted on several occasions to attach Karabakh to Armenia and managed with the aid of Joseph Stalin to divide it into Mountainous part (Nagorno) and lowlands by putting down the first boundaries of an Autonomous Entity called – Nagorno-Karabakh’skaya Avtonom’naya Oblast’ (NKAO) (Autonomous Region of Nagorno Karabakh).
Throughout the entire Soviet period, NKAO being an integral part of an Azerbaijani state jointly with all other regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan developed quite successfully both economically and culturally. Nevertheless, Armenian nationalists who were thirsty for blood did not give up their separatist plans and their ambitions took shape with the breakdown of USSR. At the turn of 80-ies, radical nationalists of Armenia initiated a whole range of anti-constitutional actions to cut Nagorno Karabakh away from Azerbaijan.
Following the ethnic cleansing policy pursued consistently by Armenia in 1988-1992, 250,000 Azerbaijanis who lived in their historical territories inside Armenia were brutally expelled from their native lands by being forced to come to Azerbaijan.
Activists in Armenia and NKAO rushed to establish illegal armed gangs. Starting from 1988 as a result of the military actions carried out by Armenian armed groups with the assistance of several detachments of the Soviet Army, 20 percent of Azerbaijani territory – Nagorno Karabakh and 7 adjacent regions (such as Agdam, Jabrayil, Fizuli, Kelbajar, Gubadly, Lachyn and Zanghilan) have fallen under occupation. This occupation resulted by the exodus of more than 700,000 Azerbaijanis from Nagorno Karabakh and neighboring regions, including living districts adjacent to Armenia and Nagorno Karabakh, have been deprived of their native lands by being forced to live as IDPs scattered over 62 cities and regions in 1600 mass settlements.
During early stages, the large majority of IDPs found refuge in 12 tent camps, 16 settlements composed of makeshift houses, farms, railroad cars, public buildings, dormitories, educational buildings and kindergartens, sanatoriums, boarding houses, resort centers, tourist camps, half constructed buildings, parents’ houses and other places most awful sanitary conditions and no public utilities.
The total number of Azerbaijani refugees from Armenia and IDPs expelled from Nagorno Karabakh and the 7 adjacent regions occupied by Armenia has reached over one million of people deprived of their houses and lands!
Besides Nagorno Karabakh and surrounding regions, the following villages are still under occupation: 1 village in the Nakhchevan Autonomous Republic; 80 villages in Agdam region; 54 villages in Fizuli region; 13 villages in Terter region and 7 villages in Gazakh region.
UN Security Council adopted the resolutions 822, 853, 874 and 884 demanding immediate, full and unconditional withdrawal of Armenian armed forces from the occupied territories, and the return of refugees and IDPs to their native lands to enable the soonest and peaceful resolution of the conflict. Though 18 years has elapsed since that moment, no progress is attained in the implementation of these documents.
For the time being, one of every 9 Azerbaijanis is a refugee, and this statistic data in comparison with the population is the highest one in the world.
This war has brought destructions, devastations and regress to this formerly prospering and developing piece of paradise. Besides the humanitarian tragedy provoked by the occupation, vandalism and plundering by conquerors caused destructions to thousands of homes, industrial and agricultural enterprises, social facilities and masterpieces of tangible and intangible cultural heritage of the Azerbaijani people.
As the aggressor country, Armenia continues to ignore all dispositions of international law and four resolutions of UN Security Council appealing on Armenian troupes to withdraw from all occupied territories. Engulfed in weeds, ruined and emptied Karabakh is longing for its ancestral residents expelled brutally from their native lands and waits for the restoration of its cities and villages active to modern times.
This photo album is dedicated to the comparison between the current situation formed in Karabakh as a result of Armenian aggression and its pre-conflict status. This publication is the result of years’ long work of Azerbaijani photo documentary makers. We wish to bring you our main message through the clear language of photo documents: compare how Karabakh looked before the Armenian occupation and how it is now. No comments!
REMEMBERING THE PAST
The region of Shusha is the administrative region of the Republic of Azerbaijan. It is located in territory of Karabakh Chain of Minor Caucasus. Its area is 290 km²; the population is 29,700 (01.01.2011). The central town is the city of Shusha. The region has been under Armenian occupation since May 8, 1992.
The region covers the following districts and villages: the city of Shusha; district of Turshsu and villages of Malybayli; Yukhary Gushchular; Ashaghi Gushchular; Khalfali; Armudlu; Dukanlar; Hasanabad; Garabulag; Agbulag; Zamanpayasi; Shushulu; Mirzalar; Gaybaly; Lachynlar; Shirlan; Chaykend; Pashalar; Mamishlar; Khanaly; Imamgulular; Jamillar; Safikhanlar; Khanlygpaya; Allahgulular; Hasangulular; Boyuk Galaderesi; Kichik Galaderesi; Goytala; Onverest; Zarysly; Nabilar; Sarybaba; Dashalty; Naghilar; Khudaverdiler; Imanlar and Turabkhan.
Landscape is mountainous. The highest peak is the Mount of Boyuk Kirs (2725 m).
Prior to the occupation, the sanatorium and resort zone of nationwide importance ran its consistent activities in the city. Livestock breeding played the main role in the region’s economy. The following educational and social institutions were active before the occupation: the Shusha branches of the Azerbaijani Pedagogical Institute and Azerbaijani Oil and Chemistry Institute; 24 secondary schools; 6 extra-school institutions; medical school; 8 music and fine arts schools for children; the vocation school of culture and education; the vocational school of music; the vocational school of agriculture; the vocational school; the forestry and health school; the recreation house; cinema house; 5 museums; art gallery; club; library; central regional hospital; 11 maternity points; sanitary and epidemiological station; children sanatorium; ambulance station; city policlinics and dentistry service center.
During the pre-occupation period, 248 historical monuments protected by the state were in the region.
The region of Khojaly is the administrative region of the Republic of Azerbaijan. It is located on the north-eastern slope of the Karabakh Chain of Minor Caucasus. Its area is 940 km²; the population is 26,500 (01.01.2011). The central town is the city of Khojaly. The region’s territory has been under occupation of the Armenian armed forces since February 26, 1992.
The region covers the following districts and villages: city of Khojaly; district of Askeran and villages of Jamilli, Meshali; Dagyurd; Sayidbayli; Ballyja; Khanbaghi; Mehdibayli; Harov, Dagdagan; Dashbulag; Gahabashi; Badara; Khanezek; Sunjinka; Garabulag; Demirchiler; Madadkend; Gushchubaba; Gyzyloba; Hachmach; Ashaghi Yemishjan; Kosalar; Bashkend; Javadlar; Yaloba; Janhasan; Nakhchivanly; Pirjamal; Aranzamin; Agbulag; Dahraz; Tazabina; Sardarkend; Gyshlag; Khanabad; Aggadik; Gylychbag; Almaly; Garakotuk; Pirlar; Farrukh; Dashbashi; Chanagchy; Signag; Shushakend; Dashkend.
The following educational and social institutions were active before the occupation: 11 secondary schools; 1 pre-school educational institution; children creativity center; 3 musical schools; Museum of Local History and Geography; 20 clubs, 29 libraries; central regional hospital; 13 medical assistance points and 4 outpatient treatment stations.
Following historic monuments existed in the territory of Khojaly region before the occupation: Askeran Fortress of XVIII century; ancient monuments of architecture; octahedral domes and turbehs related to XIII-XIV centuries; the compound of Khojaly monuments related mainly to late Bronze Age and early Iron Age (from XIV-XIII centuries B.C. till VII-VI centuries A.D.). These monuments are consisted of the following: 11 giant burial mounds in 5 different names; stone burial mounds; stone-land burial mounds; random bond buildings (called in Azerbaijani as Galachalar); necropolises; menhirs (large upright standing stones weighing 5 – 10 tons); stone sarcophaguses; stone tombstones and stone boxes.
The region of Khojavand is the administrative region of the Republic of Azerbaijan. It is located in the south-eastern part of the Karabakh Chain of Minor Caucasus. Its area is 1460 km²; the population is 42,100 (01.01.2011). The central town is the city of Khojavand. The region’s territory has been under occupation of the Armenian armed forces since October 2, 1992.
The region covers the following districts and villages: city of Khojavend; districts of Hadrut, Ghyrmyzy Bazar and villages of Amiranlar; Heshan; Akhullu; Dolanlar; Bina; Garadagli; Boyuk Taglar; Salaketin; Kuropatkino; Arpaduzu; Muganly; Jamiyyat; Agkend; Khanoba; Khojavend; Kish; Tagaser; Ghyrmyzyqaya; Adisha; Veng; Dagdoshu; Gachbayli; Sheher; Shyx Dursun; Mavas; Azykh; Zogalbulag; Aragul; Dashbashy; Mulkudere; Jilan; Bunyadly; Gavahin; Agbulag; Binederesi; Sor; Gargar; Zavadykh; Kharkhan; Bulutan; Khyrmanjyg; Malikjanly; Guneykhyrman; Guneychartar; Guzeykhyrman; Guzeychartar; Gagartsi; Garytepe; Darakend; Shahyeri; Garakend; Yemishjan; Gunashli; Gushchular; Kendkhurd; Mushkapat; Guzumkend; Garazemi; Tug; Susanlyg; Aragut; Agdam; Kohne Taglar; Agjakend; Mirikend; Avdur; Chaylaggala; Arpagedik; Petrosashen; Chyraguz; Mammaddere; Tsakuri; Yenikend; Chorakli; Edilli; Dudukchu; Agbulag; Sos; Jutju; Tagavard; Chagaduz; Zerdanashen and Khatai.
The following educational and social institutions ran its activities before the occupation: 20 secondary schools; 5 pre-school educational institutions; 20 clubs; 19 libraries; 4 hospitals; 7 other medical institutions.
Prior to the occupation, the region had many historical-archaeological and architectural monuments, including the ancient Azykh Cave (dates back to almost 1.2 million years B.C.), fortresses (I-VIII centuries), the Albanian Temple (X century), the turbeh (XIII century) and others.
The region of Lachyn is the administrative region of the Republic of Azerbaijan. It is located in the south-western part of the Minor Caucasus. It neighbors with the Republic of Armenia in the west. Its area is 1840 km²; the population is 70,900 (01.01.2011). The central town is the city of Lachyn. The region’s territory has been under the Armenian occupation since May 18, 1992.
The region covers the following districts and villages: city of Lachyn; district of Gayghi and villages of Agbulag; Alkhasly; Ahmadli; Hajilar; Gulabird; Jagazur; Gushchu; Minkend; Mirik; Mishni; Sadynlar; Sheylanly; Agjakend; Ardushlu; Agjayazy; Ashaghi Farajan; Farajan; Bozlu; Galaja; Bulunduz; Ayibazar; Birinji Ipek; Vagazin; Bozguney; Kalafalyg; Hajikhanly; Govushug; Budagdere; Hojaz; Mollalar; Uluduz; Avazlar; Dashly; Valibayli; Naryshlar; Hetemler; Kaha; Jijimli; Ashaghi Jijimli; Gazydere; Zabukh; Sus; Ghyzylja; Baylik; Irchan; Chambarakhach; Khumarta; Garabayli; Lolabaghirli; Korchabulag; Zerti; Khyrmanlar; Agbulag; Birinji Tyghyk; Ikinji Tyghyk; Garygyshlag; Soyugbulag; Ghylychly; Zeyve; Kohnekend; Gyshlag; Eyrek; Alyjan; Gozlu; Finghe; Gorchu; Zagalty; Goshasu; Alpout; Butovluk; Kurdhaji; Arikli; Hajisamly; Garasaggal; Kamally; Chyragly; Garakechdi; Katos; Malkhalaf; Mazutlu; Malikpeye; Malybay; Agoglan; Husulu; Ziyrik; Myghydere; Dayirmanyany; Tarkhanly; Dayhan; Baldyrganly; Oguldere; Agalarushaghy; Pirjahan; Seyidler; Garachanly; Pichenis; Khachynaly; Kohne Jorman; Sonasar; Mayis; Tezekend; Hagnezer; Erdeshevi; Safiyan; Khanalylar; Suarasy; Turkler; Farrash; Nureddin; Fatalipeye; Aganus; Unannovlu; Arab; Tushsu; Shelve; Imanlar; Dambulag; Shamkend; Elekchi; Bozdogan; Chorman; Nagdaly.
The following educational and social institutions were providing its services before the occupation: 101 secondary schools; 2 pre-school and 5 out-school educational institutions; 1 vocational school; 85 clubs, 119 libraries; 5 musical schools; 142 healthcare institutions. The region had also the architectural monuments such as the Albanian temple (V century), turbehs (XIV, XIX centuries), the fortress (XVII century), the mosque (1718), the palace (1716), the bridge (XVIII century) and others.
The region of Kelbajar is the administrative region of the Republic of Azerbaijan. It is situated in the central part of the Minor Caucasus. It neighbors with the Republic of Armenia in the west. Its area is 3050 km²; the population is 83,200 (01.01.2011). The central town is the city of Kelbajar. The region has been under occupation of the Armenian armed forces since April 2, 1993.
The region covers the following districts and villages: city of Kelbajar; district of Istisu and villages of Zivel; Keshdek; Nadirkhanly; Takhtabashy; Hasanriz; Gozlu; Gozlu Korpu; Narynjlar; Cherektar; Lev; Abdullaushaghi; Garachanly; Agyatag; Fetalilar; Mozkend; Agdaban; Chaygovushan; Agjakend; Orujlu; Zagalar; Tezekend; Yenikend; Ali Bayramly; Vezirkhana; Almalyg; Lachyn; Asrik; Choban Kerekmez; Chorman; Ashaghy Ayrim; Yukhary Ayrim; Boyagly; Baglypeye; Veng; Baghyrly; Bashlybel; Khallanly; Alirzalar; Shahkerem; Chovdar; Dalghylyjly; Otagly; Dereghyshlag; Barmagbine; Otgyshlag; Damirchidam; Ganlykend; Zar; Veng; Yellija; Alolar; Kaha; Hasanlar; Armudlu; Tekdam; Zeylik; Hopurlu; Sheyinli; Zulfugarly; Garaguney; Kechiligaya; Istibulag; Goydere; Agdash; Gamyshly; Baghirsag; Jomard; Garaguney; Najafalylar; Piriler; Kilseli; Alchaly; Gushyuvasy; Gylychly; Guzeychirkin; Alchaly; Merchimek; Aggaya; Chopurlu; Birinji Milli; Ikinji Milli; Uchunchu Milli; Guneshli; Allykend; Boyur; Alchaly; Orta Garachanly; Bash Garachanly; Ashaghy Garachanly; Tatlar; Imambinesi; Kholazey; Alkhasy; Sarydash; Guneypeye; Seyidler; Jamilli; Susuzlug; Gasymbinesi; Synyg Kilse; Bashkend; Tirkeshevend; Zargula; Gazkhanly; Galaboyun; Garakhanchally; Chaykend; Kendyeri; Kilse; Ashaghy Khach; Mishni; Chapli; Elyaslylar; Shaplar; Mammadushaghy; Ashagy Shurtan; Yukhary Shurtan; Soyugbulag; Tekegaya; Babashlar; Bozlu; Chyrag; Tovledere; Mammadsefi; Yanshag; Zallar; Yanshagbine; Dovshanly; Bazarkend; Hayad; Ghyzylgaya; Yukhary Oratag; Vangli; Chormanly; Shahmansurlu; Heyvaly; Devedashy; Yayiji; Imaret Gervend; Chapar; Zerdekhach; Kolatag; Damgaly; Chyldyran and Mehmana.
The following educational and social institutions were active before the occupation: 95 secondary schools; the vocational school; 44 clubs; fine arts school; the museum; the central hospital; the polyclinics; the children hospital; 7 village hospitals; 75 maternity services points and 23 out-patient medical treatment centers. There were also several historical and architectural monuments, including Albanian temples (XIII-XVIII centuries) etc.
The region of Agdam is the administrative region of the Republic of Azerbaijan. It is located on the northern-eastern slopes of the Karabakh Chain of Mountains, in the south-western part of the Kura-Araxes Lowland. Its area is 1150 km²; the population is 180,600 (01.01.2011). The central town is the city of Agdam. The city of Agdam and the major part of this region have been under Armenian occupation since July 23, 1993.
The region covers the following districts and villages: city of Agdam; district of Guzanly, 17 newly constructed settlements (Guzanly; Ayag Garvand; Khyndyrystan; Erghi; Alybayli-1; Alybayli-2; Banovshalar-390; Banovshalar-70; Safarli; Baharly; Dord yol-1; Dord yol-2; Tezekend; Gasymbayli; Imamgulubayli; Guzanly-1, Guzanly-689) and villages of Shotanly; Shurabad; Umudlu; Gasymly; Gurdlar; Shelli; Poladly; Shykhbabaly; Muganly; Papravend; Garapirimli; Sarychaly; Gullar; Garadagly; Gulably; Abdal; Novruzlu; Kangarli; Shirvanly; Garagashly; Yusifjanly; Goytepe; Javahirli; Kosalar; Abdunlu; Syrkhevend; Garashlar; Bashirler; Melikli; Bash Guneypeye; Yeni Garalar; Khatynbayli; Saryjaly; Dadashly; Hasankhanly; Kokeltme Birliyi; Gazanchy; Acharly; Garazeynally; Orta Guneytepe; Ballygaya; Guzanly; Imamgulubayli; Chullu; Eyvazly; Uchoglan; Alybayli; Kichikli; Ballar; Baharly; Ortaghyshlag; Boyukbayli; Garadagly; Rzalar; Evoglu; Zanghishaly; Mahryzly; Afatli; Hajymammadli; Isalar; Kudurlu; Hajyturaly; Gahramanbayli; Mammadbaghyrly; Chemenli; Shukuragaly; Khyndyrystan; Sarychoban; Pashabayli; Baharly; Baybabalar; Bash Garvand; Orta Garvand; Ayag Garvand; Ahmadaghaly; Chyragly; Mirashalli; Kolghyshlag; Yusifli; Kelbehuseynli; Birinchiyuzbashyly; Ikinchiyuzbashyly; Seyidli; Saryhajyly; Bozpapaglar; Ghiyasly; Keshtazly; Atyemezli; Alimadadli; Aliagaly; Galaychylar; Khachynderbetli; Mollalar; Kurdler; Jinli; Magsudlu; Eyvazkhanbayli; Shishpapaglar; Ternoyut; Talyshlar; Chullu; Tepemehle; Shahbulag; Tukezbanly; Salahsemedler; Khydyrly; Ahmadavar; Chukhurmahla; Gulluja; Ilkhychylar; Suma; Taghibayli; Boyahmadli; Ghyzylly Kengherli; Salahly Kengherli; Sofulu; Bagbanlar; Saybaly; Ismayilbayli; Pirzadly; Muganly; Shykhlar; Nemirli; Tezekend; Melikli and Merzili.
The region’s landscape is predominantly plain and partially mountainous. During the pre-occupation period, the region of Agdam has developed such agricultural areas as cereals cultivation, viticulture, cotton growing, livestock sector and sericulture.
The following educational and social institutions ran its activities before the occupation: 148 secondary schools; 24 clubs; the Drama Theater; the Mugham school; the Museum of Bread; the art gallery; the Museum of Local History and Geography; the house museum of Gurban Pirimov; 69 healthcare institutions.
The region of Jabrayil is the administrative region of the Republic of Azerbaijan. In the south and the south-eastern part, it neighbors with the Islamic Republic of Iran. Its area is 1050 km²; the population is 72,700 (01.01.2011). The central town is the city of Jabrayil. The region’s territory has been under the Armenian occupation since August 23, 1993.
The region covers the following districts and villages: city of Jabrayil; districts of Gumlag, Khalafli; Khudaferin, Mahmudlu and villages of Yarahmadli; Khudaverdili; Gurbantepe; Shahveledli; Khubyarly; Imambaghi; Horovlu; Chapand; Safarsha; Chereken; Papy; Efendiler; Balyand; Garajally; Doshulu; Suleymanly; Dashkesen; Ghyshlag; Guychag; Sheybey; Nuzgar; Shahvelli; Niyazgullar; Tinli; Govshudlu; Haji Isagly; Goshabulag; Shukurbayli; Shykhalyagaly; Fuganly; Dejel; Amirvarly; Sarychally; Mazra; Yukhary Mazra; Soltanly; Kechal Mammadli; Yanarkhach; Alykeykhaly; Mashanly; Hasanly; Mehdili; Chakhyrly; Minbashyly; Sadi; Agtepe; Kavdar; Mirek; Huseynalylar; Hajyly; Tulus; Dag Tumas; Garagach; Sofulu; Chelebiler; Dag Mashanly; Gazanzemi; Soyudlu; Ashaghy Maralyan; Yukhary Maralyan; Karkhulu; Jafarabad; Isagly; Galachyg; Hovuslu; Sirik; Ashaghy Sirik; Shykhlar; Mollahasanli; Asgarkhanly; Khalafli; Garer; Kudlar; Nusus; Tatar; Gumlag; Mastalybayli; Goyarchin Veysalli; Boyuk Marjanly; Yukhary Marjanly; Khanagabulag; Chullu; Derzili; Dash Veysalli; Yukhary Nusus; Ashyg Melikli; Niftalylar; Gushchular; Hasangaydy; Mahmudlu; Chochug Marjanly.
The region’s landscape is mainly plain with slopes (Injachol; Gayan cholu). It is low mountainous in the north (such as south-eastern lowlands of the Karabakh Chain).
Before the occupation, viticulture, livestock sector and cereals cultivation played a main role in the economy of the region. The following educational and social institutions were active before the invasion: 72 secondary schools; 40 clubs; 78 libraries; 8 hospitals; 11 medical treatment and 52 maternity institutions.
Prior to the occupation, many historical and archaeological monuments as well as masterpieces of architecture (such as ancient living mansions; burial mounds; mosques; hammams; round and octahedral turbehs, the Khudaferin bridge etc) existed in the territory of region.
The region of Fizuli is the administrative region of the Republic of Azerbaijan. It neighbors with the Islamic Republic of Iran in the south-eastern part. Its area is 1390 km²; the population is 118,900 (01.01.2011). The central town is the city of Fizuli. The city of Fizuli and the major part of the region have been under the Armenian occupation since August 23, 1993.
The region covers the following districts and villages: the city of Fizuli; the city of Horadiz, 16 newly constructed settlements (Gayidish-1, Gayidish-2, Gayidish-3, Gayidish-4, Gayidish-5, Gayidish-6, Gayidish-7, Gayidish-8, Gayidish-9, Gayidish-10, Gayidish-11, Zobuchug-1; Zobuchug-2; Zobuchug-3; Zobuchug-4; Zobuchug-5) and villages of Ahmadbayli; Bala Bahmanli; Araz-Zerghar; Araz Dilagarda; Birinji Mahmudlu; Ikinji Mahmudlu; Ahmadalylar; Gazakhlar; Mirzenaghyly; Ashaghy Kurdmahmudlu; Yukhary Kurdmahmudlu; Alkhanly; Boyuk Bahmanli; Kerimbayli; Arayatyly; Baby; Mollamaharramli; Horadiz; Ashaghy Seyidahmadli; Shukurbayli; Yukhary Seyidahmadli; Gorgan; Shekerchik; Shykhly; Ghejegozlu; Uchunchu Mahmudlu; Ashaghy Veysalli; Yukhary Veysalli; Sarajyg; Yukhary Refedinli; Gorazilli; Garadagly; Yukhary Guzlek; Khatynbulag; Gachar; Divanalylar; Garakhanbayli; Merdinli; Gochahmadli; Arysh; Mollavali; Dedeli; Ishygly; Gargabazar; Yal Pirahmadli; Yukhary Yaglyvend; Garamammadli, Dilagarda; Gobu Dilagarda; Garvand; Yukhary Abdurrahmanly; Kurdler; Ashaghy Abdurrahmanly; Dordchinar; Seyidmahmudlu; Alasgarli; Huseynbeyli; Pirahmadli; Musabeyli; Mandyly; Ashaghy Guzlek; Ashaghy Refedinli; Uchbulag; Juvarly; Khalafsha; Chimen; Yukhary Aybasanly; Dovletyarly; Ashaghy Yaglyvend; Garakollu; Govshadly; Hajyly; Mirzachamally; Zergar; Ghyzylghyshlag; Agbashly; Murtuzalylar; Hungutlu; Serdeli; Shykhymly; Govshatly.
The following educational and social institutions ran its activities before the occupation: 86 secondary schools; 2 vocational schools; 54 kindergartens; 10 musical schools; 27 clubs; 2 museums; 90 libraries; 13 hospitals; 17 medical treatment points; 48 maternity services centers.
Many historical-archaeological and architectural monuments, including the ancient human settlements and burial mounds (New Stone Age; Bronze Age), turbehs (XIII-XVIII centuries), mosques (XVII-XIX centuries), the caravanserai (1684) and others are left in the region.
The region of Zanghilan is the administrative region of the Republic of Azerbaijan. It is located in the south-eastern part of the Minor Caucasus on the left bank of the Araxes. It neighbors with the Republic of Armenia in the west and the north-west and with the Islamic Republic of Iran in the south. Its area is 710 km²; the population is 40,500 (01.01.2011). The central town is the city of Zanghilan. The region has been under the Armenian occupation since October 29, 1993.
The region covers the following districts and villages: city of Zanghilan; the districts of Uzumchuler, Beshdeli, Genlik, Kechikli, Malatkeshin, Saryghyshlag, Minjivan and villages of Birinchi Agaly; Ikinchi Agaly; Uchunchu Agaly; Birinchi Alybayli; Khumarly; Saryl; Ikinchi Alybayli; Zanghilan kend; Icheri Mushlan; Ghyrag Mushlan; Malikli; Udgun; Hajally; Hekeri station; Khurama; Muganly; Sherifan; Isghenderbayli; Agakishiler; Agbis; Bartaz; Bartaz station; Gargulu; Mammadbayli; Babayly; Jahanghirbayli; Tatar; Tiri; Turabad; Valigulubayli; Ordekli; Garadere; Garagoz; Rezdere; Kollughyshlag; Shataryz; Shayifli; Ashaghy Gheyeli; Garagol; Najaflar; Tagly; Yusifler; Janbar; Agkend; Dereli; Gunghyshlag; Gazanchy; Pirveys; Yukhary Cheyeli; Chopedere; Baharly; Dellekli; Sobu; Boyuk Ghiletag; Aladin; Dere Ghiletag; Mirhasanli; Muganly; Shamly; Venetli; Sherikan; Burunlu; Seyidler; Shafibayli; Meshediismayilly; Vejneli; Agbend; Amirkhanly; Orta Yemezli; Ashaghy Yemezli; Yukhary Yemezli; Guyu Dere Kheshtab; Sarally Kheshtab; Zerneli; Havaly; Yenikend; Rebend.
The following educational and social institutions were active before the occupation: 66 secondary schools; 4 sever-year musical schools; the Museum of Local History and Geography; the Museum of Stone Monuments and the Museum of the Friendship of Peoples; 1 central library; 1 children library; 65 village libraries; the central regional hospital; 4 village hospitals; 46 maternity services centers; 6 out-patient medical treatment institutions; Minjivan railway hospital and others. There were also the mirodor (XIV century), the turbeh (1304-1305) and the tombs (XII - XIV centuries) etc.
The region of Gubadly is the administrative region of the Republic of Azerbaijan. It is located in the south-western part of the Minor Caucasus. In the west, it neighbors with the Republic of Armenia. Its area is 800 km²; the population is 36,700 (01.01.2011). The central town is the city of Gubadly. The region has been under the Armenian occupation since August 31, 1993.
The region covers the following districts and villages: city of Gubadly and villages of Aliguluushaghy; Mahmudlu; Saryyatag; Khanlyg; Gayaly; Lepeheyranly; Abdalanly; Dondarly; Dileli Muskanly; Saray; Mirler; Demirchiler; Poladly; Ferjan; Goyyal; Hertis; Zor; Ashaghy Khojamusakhly; Mehrili; Hal; Gazyan; Memer; Mollaly; Ballygaya; Jereli; Boyunegher; Saldash; Garalar; Kavdadyg; Huseynushaghy; Ulashly; Altynja; Abilja; Tatar; Garagoyunlu; Ghiyasly; Zilanly; Kurd Mahryzly; Seleli; Mahryzly; Alagurshagly; Muganly; Hamzali; Chaytumas; Efendiler; Yusifbayli; Khojahan; Tinli; Ghilijan; Yukhary Mollu; Ashaghy Mollu, Mollaburhan; Khochik; Mardanly; Balasoltanly; Padar; Garamanly; Garachally; Garagach; Garakishiler; Basharat; Milanly; Hat; Deshdahat; Armudlu; Chardagly; Tarovlu; Khalach; Ayin; Goyerchik; Bakhtiyarly; Goyar Abbas; Chylfyr; Seytas; Novlu; Gurchulu; Dovudlu; Ghedirli; Mazra; Eyvazly; Teymur Muskanly; Balahasanli; Khydyrly; Ashaghy Jibikli; Yukhary Jibikli; Kheliloba; Muradkhanly; Hekeri; Ishygly; Khendek; Malikahmadli and Gundanly.
Prior to the occupation, 62 secondary schools, the library, the club, 4 hospitals and others were at the service of local population. The region also had such architectural monuments as the Prayer Cave (IV century), fortresses (V century), the turbehs (XIV – XVII centuries), the mosque (XIX century), the bridge (1867) and others.
“This is our land. Everything is razed to the ground by Armenians. No stone on stone is left there. All our historical monuments, mosques and houses are destroyed and plundered. All these evils are done by Armenian vandals. All intangible values are stolen and destroyed by Armenian plunderers. Crimes committed in the occupied territories unveil the cruel face of Armenian fascism”.
The President of the Republic of Azerbaijan
20 October 2010
As a result of the military aggression of Armenia against Azerbaijan, over 20,000 Azerbaijanis were killed, 4866 are reported missing and almost 100,000 persons were injured while 50,000 of our compatriots became disabled people with various degrees of bodily injures. The military aggression led to the occupation of 17,000 square meters of the most fertile lands and the destruction of 900 living districts, 130939 houses, 2389 industrial and agricultural facilities, 1025 educational and 798 healthcare institutions, 1510 cultural institutions,
5198 km of highways, 348 bridges, 7568 km of water pipelines and 76940 km of electricity lines in the country.
Armenian aggressors have brutally destroyed the cultural masterpieces that form the cultural heritage of Azerbaijan in the occupied territories. In those lands, they plundered and set alight 12 museums, 6 art galleries and 9 palaces of historical importance. 152 sacred places and temples, including 62 mosques remaining in the occupied territories have become the victim of Armenian aggression. 4.6 million books and samples of rare manuscripts were destroyed in 927 libraries which were razed to the ground or set on fire. It is not possible to define correctly the prejudice made by Armenian aggressors against the cultural sites of Azerbaijan in Nagorno Karabakh and neighboring regions because the richnesses plundered or destroyed are considered the exceptional masterpieces of not only Azerbaijan, but also the whole human civilization. Besides the moral and psychological damage made to the population, according to the preliminary calculations, as a result of aggression of the armed forces of Armenia, the cost made to the Azerbaijani economy exceeds 60 billion USD.
Khojaly… The name of this city which lived through the dramatic destiny of Katyń, Lidice, My Lai and Srebrenica has become already a common noun in our everyday life. On February 26, 1992, Armenian armed troupes surrounded Khojaly. However, the “Security corridor” left by Armenians for the exit of innocent civilians from the city was in fact a trap. Those peaceful residents who sought this “corridor” as an escape route were brutally killed. A real-life act of genocide is perpetrated against them. During the Khojaly genocide, 613 persons, including 106 women, 83 children and 70 elderly lost their lives to the Armenian bullets. Almost 1000 civilians of various ages were injured due to bullet wounds. 8 families were fully exterminated. 25 children lost both parents. 130 children were deprived one of parents. 56 people were cruelly burn alive without mercy. In addition, people were beheaded and their eyes gouged out. In the course of that awful night of tragedy, 1275 civilians were taken prisoners. Lives of 150 people out of that number are still missing…
Hope for future
“In the future, we will restore all our cities and the entire infrastructure which are under occupation today, and we will create all conditions for the return of our fellow
IDPs to their native lands”.
The President of the Republic of Azerbaijan
4 October 2008
Time passes. Losses of Azerbaijan incurred in the aftermath of the Armenian occupation of a part of its territory are growing while resources of Azerbaijani lands are being plundered cruelly. Everything created by dozens of generations of Azerbaijanis is being destroyed; slowly erasing all traces of existence of our forefathers in those lands.
Almost two decades passed by. However, the situation did not change in Karabakh. It remains so in spite of many decisions taken practically by all international organizations, including UN, the Council of Europe and OSCE. In 1993, 4 resolutions have been adopted by UN Security Council. During the period from 1993 to 2008, 3 resolutions calling upon Armenian troupes to withdraw from Nagorno Karabakh and occupied adjacent territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan were adopted by the UN General Assembly.
The Armed Forces of Armenia have violated repeatedly and continue to violate the cease-fire agreement by firing into Azerbaijani territories causing the deaths of soldiers of the National Army of Azerbaijan and ending the lives of civilians nearby the frontline. The murder of 9 year old Azerbaijani boy in Agdam by Armenian sniper on March 8, 2011 is a clear demonstration of the brutal face of Armenian aggression not resting a single day till now.
There is no time to be lost. The non-constructive and ambiguous position taken by Armenia till the present, paves the way for the continuation of occupation of the ancient Azerbaijani lands. While disposing all possibilities and rights to restore its territorial integrity by force which are reflected as a legal way to prevent the aggression in UN Charter, nevertheless, Azerbaijan wishes sincerely to solve the Karabakh problem by peaceful means via bilateral and multilateral talks.
Demonstrating its commitment to the peaceful settlement of the conflict with Armenia, Azerbaijan carries out an intensive building process and restoration work in front-line areas building new settlements for refugees and IDPs, constructing new roads, and water, electric and gas pipelines. These living districts are equipped with the developed infrastructure ranging from schools and kindergartens to modern medical centers by utilizing hydro power plants, potable water purification systems and Olympic Compounds. The government allocates preferential loans to local farmers to build food processing and storage facilities.
According to the decrees and orders of the head of state aimed at improving living conditions of IDPs, 16 new settlements were built in the territory of the region of Fizuli: Gayidish-1, Gayidish-2, Gayidish-3, Gayidish-4, Gayidish-5, Gayidish-6, Gayidish-7, Gayidish-8, Gayidish-9, Gayidish-10, Gayidish-11, Zobuchug-1, Zobuchug-2, Zobuchug-3, Zobuchug-4, Zobuchug-5 for 4125 families consisting of 18169 persons. These houses have all social and technical infrastructure facilities. 17 settlements (Guzanly, Ayag Ghervend; Khyndyrystan; Erghi; Alybayli-1, Alybayli-2, Benovsheler-390, Benovsheler-70, Safarly, Baharly, Dord yol-1, Dord yol-2, Tezekend, Gasymbayli, Imamgulubayli, Guzanly-1, Guzanly-689) are built in the territory of the region of Agdam for 5012 families comprising 21776 persons. In 21 living districts of the region of Fizuli (the city of Horadiz and following villages: Ahmadbayli, Gazakhlar, Mirzanaghyly, Arayatyly, Baby, Mollamaharramly, Kerimbayli, Yaglyvend; Shukurbayli, Boyuk Bahmanly, Mahmudlu-1; Mahmudlu-2, Bala Bahmanly, Araz Dilagarda, Araz Zergher, Ahmedalylar, Garabag, Yukhary Kurdmahmudlu, Ashaghy Kurdmahmudlu, Alykhanly) comprising 4944 houses, 2952 out of 4381 houses destroyed during the Armenian occupation were restored by Azerbaijan. For the time being, another 1429 houses are under restoration.
In order to improve living conditions of IDPs until their return to their native homes, funds in the amount of 123,350,000AZN (154,180,000USD) were allocated in 2010. Out of that, 14,000,000AZN is from the reserve fund of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan and 105,000,000AZN from the State Oil Fund. It has also a share of investments totaling 4,350,000AZN. The overall number exceeds the funds allocated in 2003 by 6.1 times.
In general, during the years of 2001-2010, the following work was done on the basis of funds totaling 766,930,000AZN (958,660,000USD). The funds were allocated from different sources such as the reserve fund of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan (17,000,000AZN), the State Oil Fund (717,900,000AZN) and other sources (32,030,000AZN). This work covers the following: 67 settlements and private houses with total area of 1110,6 thousand square meters were built for 20,000 families and 90,000 refugees and IDPs living permanently in their accommodation places. Besides that, 126 secondary schools, 4 musical schools, 40 kindergartens, 45 medical centers, 33 communication points, 564 km of roads, 672 km of water pipelines, 1073 km of electricity lines, 149 km of gas pipelines, 37,1 kilometers of sewerage pipes, 4,3 km of heat supply lines were constructed in those settlements. At the same time, 559 power transformers of different capacity were installed for the needs of refugees and IDPs.
Would it be right to state that a side which decided to invest hundreds million of USD to build a peaceful life near the line of contact with the army of enemy, has unilaterally chosen the military option for the resolution of Karabakh problem?
The people of Azerbaijan continue to hope that the Karabakh conflict will finally find its fair settlement and hundreds of thousands of people will return to their land and native homes.
“Our flag will fly high in Nagorno Karabakh, Khankendi, Shusha. Each moment, we bring and should bring that day closer by our activities”.
The President of the Republic of Azerbaijan
1 September 2010
Copyright © 2008
STATE COMMITTEE ON
REFUGEES AND IDPS ISSUES
OF THE REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN
The address of committee: Baku, Tbilisi Ave., 57
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